One Word Substitutes Exercise - Set 1

Directions: In each of the following questions, out of the four alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted for the given words/ sentence.

1. A short, amusing story about some real person or event is called as ________

a. Myth
b. Anecdote
c. Fable
d. Allegory

ANSWER: b. Anecdote

Explanation:

  • A short, usually amusing, story about some real person or event is called as Anecdote.
  • Myth is a traditional story
  • Fables are short tales that teach moral lessons. Animals, plants, mythical creatures are given human qualities to tell general truth. (Aesop's fables).
  • Allegory is used to reveal hidden meanings through pictures, actions, etc.



2. Act of bringing gentle and painless death from incurable disease is called as ________

a. Suicide
b. Fatality
c. Euthanasia
d. Gallows

ANSWER: c. Euthanasia

Explanation:

  • Euthanasia is an act of killing someone so that they do not suffer too long with pain, may be a person who is very old and ill.
  • Suicide - The act of killing oneself.
  • Fatality - Death caused due to accident or disaster.
  • Gallows - It is a wooden frame which consists of a crossbeam used to hang the criminals to death.



3. A small enclosure for cattle, sheep, poultry etc. is called as _________

a. eyrie
b. Sty
c. Pen
d. Lair

ANSWER: c. Pen

Explanation:

  • The nest of eagle is called as eyrie.
  • Sty is a place where pigs live.
  • A small enclosure for cattle, sheep, poultry etc. is called as Pen.
  • Tigers live in a lair.



4. Music sung or played at night below a person's window is called as _________.

a. Serenade
b. Sonnet
c. Lyric
d. Primo

ANSWER: a. Serenade

Explanation:

  • Music sung or played at night below a person's window is called as Serenade.
  • Sonnet means a small song or lyric.
  • A song consisting of verses and choruses is called as lyrics.
  • The part of a piano duet played on the upper half of the keyboard is called as primo.



5. A government by the nobles is called as _________.

a. Autocracy
b. Aristocracy
c. Bureaucracy
d. Democracy

ANSWER: b. Aristocracy

Explanation:

  • A government by the nobles is called as Aristocracy.
  • The word Aristocracy derives from a Greek word 'aristokratia' which means 'rule of the best'.
  • Government by one person is called as autocracy.
  • Government by the officials is called as Bureaucracy.
  • Government by the people is called as Democracy.
  • Government by the rich is called as Plutocracy.



6. Anything written in a letter after it is signed is known as __________.

a. Corrigendum
b. Postdiction
c. Postscript
d. Plutocracy

ANSWER: c. Postscript

Explanation:

  • Anything written in a letter after it is signed is known as Postscript.
  • This term is derived from a Latin 'post scriptum' which means 'written after'.
  • An error or mistake to be corrected in a printed book is called as Corrigendum.
  • The construction of past conditions by relying on the present is called as Postdiction. It means providing an explanation after the fact.